I'm not that familiar with the passenger car engines, but Corvette engines dressed out a little differently, as follows:
'57-'61 283 and '62-'66 327 base engines used the same 3733431 hydraulic cam, replaced in '67 by the "929", which had a little less intake lift, more exhaust lift, and 10* more intake duration and 20* more exhaust duration - it remained the standard cam through 1979.
The 283's and 327's through 1963 with solid lifters all used the "097" Duntov; it was replaced in '64-'65 by the "30-30" ("346") cam, later used again in the '67-'69 Z/28. 1965 was the last year for solid-lifter cams in small-blocks except for the '70-'72 LT-1's, which used the "178" cam.
The "151" performance hydraulic cam was introduced in 327's in '65 (the L-79), and remained through 1968.
Carter WCFB's were used on all Corvettes through 1961 (both 1x4 and 2x4), and from '62-'65 were used only on the base 250hp engine, then disappeared.
Carter AFB's were introduced in '62 on the 327/300 and 340, continued in '63, and were used only on the 327/300 in '64-'65, then disappeared.
The Holley 2818 (4150 - 585CFM) was introduced in '64 on the 327/365, and continued in '65 on the 327/350 and 327/365. It was replaced in '66 by the 3367 (4160 - 585CFM) on the base 300hp and L-79 350hp engines, and was replaced in '67 by the 3810 (4160-585CFM) on the base 300hp and L-79 350hp engines. 1967 was the last year for a Holley on a small-block except for the '70-'72 LT-1 350.
Q-Jets weren't used on Corvettes until 1968.
All 265, 283, and 327 engines used forged steel cranks; solid-lifter 327 cranks were Tufftrided for wear resistance.
Rods were improved in late '66 by adding more meat adjacent to the underside of the bolt head, which showed as a "bump" after machining.
All Corvette heads through 1959 (and 250hp engines through 1965) had 1.72/1.50 valves. Starting in '61, the 461 heads on optional engines had 1.94/1.50 valves; the 2.02/1.60 valves didn't show up until 1964, on 350/365/375hp engines through '65. The 462 heads used in '66-'67 and the 291 heads used in '67-'68 used 1.94/1.5 valves on 300hp engines, and used 2.02/1.60 valves on 350hp engines.
Trivia: There was never a 315hp 283 fuelie, although they were advertised as such; the aluminum heads that increased power over the 290hp fuelie never went into production, although the 315hp rating appeared in early brochures, and the "CS"-coded 290hp engines with iron heads were used in '60-'61.
That about covers Corvette usages; if I missed something, just ask.