: How to match heads with camshaft
Mar 21st, 11, 06:06 AM
i am new to building motors but love hp lol. i dnt know how to match cam with heads. i have looked up a few posting about this already but the only answers i see is "well what is this vehicle gonna be used for", and "trickflow and patriot makes good head", and "whats ur budget like". i know those are very important questions but where is the ANSWER to the question i am asking lol. lets say money isnt and issue and neither is hp. how do u match a cam to heads, like what numbers am i trying to look for or what am i looking for when trying to match heads and cams lol. im trying to order heads and a cam from summit but none of the numbers from a cam match any numbers from ne heads. how do i match them? here is some info on my motor. its a 454 all stock except headers and a holley 750dp :yes:. i believe its a 70-80s model. my plans for this motor is for it to tear up the street and smoke the high school kid that thinks his 2010 mustang gt is fast lol. it will see sum strip, and it will be on the street ALOT not only the weekends. what is chamber cc and intake cc and how do u match that with a cam, im so confused and lost lol.
Mar 21st, 11, 09:42 AM
A 70 to 80's 454 does NOT have much more then a 7.5 to an 8:1 Static Compression using the Stock OEM Flat Top Pistons. You're best Cam choice is between a 266 to a 270H-10 and short shift at 5000rpm hoping to get it all in by 6000rpm before the Valve Train breaks. 373's or 355 rear gear ratio is about ideal for the 1/4. You'll never reach the end of the 1/4 with an 7.5:1 Static Compression 454 running 4:10 Gears.
You need domed Pistons (9.5 to say 10.5:1 Static Compression Roller Rockers and say a 278 or 282H-10 Cam with recommended Valve Springs to get the Revs above 6000rpm and maybe it will carry 4:10's to the end of the 1/4. Pending money, you can hit 7000rpm with a forged crank with a 10.2 to 10.5 Static Compression with either a SFT or SR Cam on Pump Gas.
A Holley 750 DP/say and Edelbrock RPM with headers can get you 6000rpm but if you after 6500rpm you need an 850 to 900 cfm. (Annular Booster Carbs give a much better Throttle response and you can usually get by with 50 CFM Smaller say an 830)
Check out Patrick Kelley's DCR Calculator here: http://www.empirenet.com/pkelley2/DynamicCR.html
and Comp Cams CamQuest Software Here:http://www.compcams.com/downloads/register.asp
We really need the Block and Head Casting #'s, Is Crank Forged (A Cast Crank can get you to approx 6500rpm), Transmission and rear gear ratio and how you intend to use the ride before commenting further - After Market Heads are not really necessary; however, Alu-Heads are much lighter for better handling where the Engine has to be 0-Decked.) - Good Luck ;o)
Mar 21st, 11, 10:09 AM
i dnt think i can getthe black number cuz its in the vehicle and rearend gears i can get those switched out. but if i went to summit right now how do i match up heads with a cam
Mar 21st, 11, 10:27 AM
how do i match up heads with a cam
The question is redundant and impossible to answer. Static Compression, Strength of Rotating Assembly, Type of Induction and Gearing ... etc is what determines Cam Selection - Please read my post and Download the Software with the links I've provided. It will give you much more understanding - Do the Home Work ;o)
PS: The Block Casting Numbers are on the Top of the Bell Housing Boss just behind the Distributor and the Head Casting Numbers are easily read with the Valve Covers removed. Note: The large oval port 820, 781 and 049 Head Castings are great performance heads if you have them. Many Flat top Piston 454's have been topped with Closed Chamber 396 Smaller Combustion Chamber heads to up the static compression.
To top it all of you need to know what the Dome Volume of the Pistons are which requires the removal a Cylinder head at which time you can CC the Cylinder Head Chamber Volume..
The Engine Code written on the PSGR Deck just behind the alternator can supply us with the exact Year and Model the engine came out of and if the motor is stock will tell us info re: piston along with the static compression.
If the motor has a History perhaps the previous owner can supply you with most the information but I personally never trust it.
There are just too many variables in your Question as you require the Specifications as I've outlined above to Select a Cam using Mfgr's Software. Head Gasket Thickness, Distance Piston is down in the Bore, Cylinder Head Volume, Piston Dome, Bore Dia & Stroke, Induction, Dynamic Compression Vs Pump Gas, Transmission, Gearing and what do you want out of your ride are critical factors when choosing a cam.
Mar 21st, 11, 10:28 AM
Comp has a VERY good cam selector on their website.:beers:
Mar 21st, 11, 12:24 PM
Adrian, listen to Ron. There is a lot to deciding on a cam and head combination. Compression and rear end gearing are major factors.
Mar 22nd, 11, 04:12 AM
thanks guys for the info and help, im just starting to geting into build engines and i want to learn more b4 i make my purchases. il take a look at the links and try to get the numbers for everything.
Mar 22nd, 11, 01:41 PM
As stated above, many factors will determine what's best.
So, as an example, I'll suggest:
If on a budget (454 with 425-450 HP):
049 GM Heads with big valves
280H Comp's Magnum Cam
If not on a budget (454 with 500 HP):
AFR Rectangle Port 315cc heads
280-HR Comp's Retro Roller
3.73 gears in back would be ideal for either of the above. Either would be a very streetable combo that will pull vacuum for your brakes and would make power from 2000-5500 RPM.
You could destroy your rear tires at will and any new Mustang, but who would you brag to about that?
Mar 26th, 11, 03:13 PM
im not the type to brag i just stay quiet and let the hp do the talking lol. and where can i find 049 heads or does my motor have them already? and what size of valves should i order to get this compression?
Mar 26th, 11, 03:21 PM
An identifer is the head casting number and it's located under the rocker arm cover, or valve cover, same item.
Remove the cover and there will a string of numbers, seven of them. Either post them here for another member to identify or use a search engine for Chev big block casting numbers and follow the prompts.
Mar 26th, 11, 05:11 PM
Adrian, we have said it to others before. Study. Buy a book. Learning from engine builders is problematic. Most won't have the time or care to extend the effort required to teach you their craft. An apprenticeship/school is the quickest way to learn this stuff. A book is good such as "How to Hotrod a Big Block Chevrolet" but you would still need basic knowledge to grasp the material.
To help with your last question, valves have nothing to do with compression ratio. They're just what lets the air-pump work. Yep, an engine is nothing but an air-pump.
What we are also trying to politely say is we can't teach you from the ground up on this or any other forum. We can point you in the right direction with specific questions but not with knowledge that takes many years to learn. No one here learned this stuff overnight. And we are all learning more each day. Kinda like sailing.:beers:
Mar 26th, 11, 05:24 PM
Adrian, from what you've said it sounds like you want to leave the motor in the car for now; you don't want to rebuild it yet.
I would recommend buying the edelbrock E-Street heads; about $1500. They have smaller combustion chambers at 110 cc and that will raise your compression 1 point, probably to 9-1.
Plus you will save 90 pounds of weight !
Stay reasonable on the cam, something like I bought : 219/229 duration and .510 lift.
That should put you around the 450 hp mark if everything else is matched.
Good luck ! :D
The Brilliant Idiot
Mar 26th, 11, 05:57 PM
Am really surprised by some of the answers you got so far, Adrian. It's not all that hard to do.
What you must know is what heads you have for sure. Have they had any work done to them? Ported? If they are stock, you should be able to find the airflow charts for them. If they were ported by a pro, hopefully you'll have the flow bench results.
Head flow is usually measured in cfm at a certain cam lift. If your cylinder head's airflow continues to increase up to .500 lift then does not go up at higher lift, then you know the amount of lift you want on your cam. .500. At anything more, your heads cannot take advantage.
Are you running an automatic or 4 speed? Do you want a smooth idle or a lumpy idle? These two questions will help determine the duration of the cam. Longer duration cams have that nice lumpy idle that many people love, but they don't produce a lot of vacuum and their powerband usually is quite a bit higher than your idle speeds (in the range of 2500-3000). This means they don't like power brakes and they aren't compatible with stock stall speed torque converters. Smaller duration cams usually have a powerband between idle and 5500 rpm or 1500-5500 rpm. They make good vacuum numbers and they will work fine with stock converters in an automatic.
The smaller the port volume on the heads, the faster the air/fuel mixture
moves thru the heads and fills the combustion chamber. Larger ports flow more air but at higher rpms. Again, how fast will you be spinning this engine? Big blocks don't like high rpms. Modern cylinder head designs are excellent at flowing large amounts of air. Since most of the time your engine's valves are somewhere between full lift and sitting on the valve seat, you want to look at what heads flow the most between .100 and .400 lift. The smallest port volume that flows the most between these lifts is the head you want.
As far as compression ratio, the cam makers can tell you what CR you need for the cam you have in mind.
Good luck. :thumbsup:
Mar 26th, 11, 06:18 PM
thanks everyone for the answers and time but i just found out i have a craked head. i dnt have the money buy a new set of $2000 heads and the labor cost, :( i have spent two years trying to fix a oil leak problem it had with a performance 350, so i ended up switching over to this 454 and after two years i finally got her running atleast and now not even a week into enjoying her i find this out :( so i think im just gonna sell her for 3000 if i can and just move one to sumthing else, kind of heart breaking when u spend all the time and money for nothing. i would like to say ive gained alot of knowledge and experince from this project. once again guys thanks
Mar 26th, 11, 06:19 PM
and i know i posted a thread about how to match heads with cams but it wasnt to buy them it was just to learn sumthing
Mar 26th, 11, 09:19 PM
okay :) i just got ahold of sum money thank the lord. im in the $2500 buget range. can sumone look up on summit a good cylinder head combo or atleast sum good cylinder heads because like sumone said earlier i cant learn this overnight, but if i could get help finding a good set for my 454 stock motor it would be greatly appreciated.
The Brilliant Idiot
Mar 26th, 11, 09:36 PM
Now you're just coming off as lame and lazy. "Can someone look at the Summit catalog for you and ........" Are you serious? Some other people suggested you buy a book and read. I recommend that also, now. Learn to help yourself. You'll get more enjoyment out of it.
Mar 26th, 11, 09:53 PM
bro u call me lame and lazy for asking sumone to help, like my last post i cant learn this over night, and do u think i want to wait years until i learn this stuff to be able to order sum heads when i can just ask sumone that know what there looking at to suggest something good from summit where i will be ording from. even if i get a book u think i will know what im buying by next week or even next month, i highly dout it. you never know i just might be wrong. thats why i signed up on this site for HELP and SUGGESTIONS. from ppl that already know what they are doin and i do appreciate the time and suggestions yall have gave. im not the type to talk dirt over the computer or even in person, im a really nice guy that helps anyone in need, just looking for sum answers myself.
The Brilliant Idiot
Mar 27th, 11, 06:07 AM
Yeah buddy, I do expect you to take some "years" to learn this "stuff" as you put it. You don't want to learn how to plan a combo out, buy a crate engine. First you can't afford anything then you miraculously come up with $2500 for new heads. Here's the last piece of education I hope you get from anybody on this board......any head you see in a catalog will be better than your stock heads. Whether or not your smart enough to put together a combo that works is up to you. Are you bright enough to do a search of archived articles from all the speed magazines? Why don't you look up some of their engine builds? Or maybe you need someone to do that for you also? Maybe even read them to you? Grow up. :mad:
Mar 27th, 11, 12:15 PM
Hmm. Chet, go easy, please. We're all here to help others. We know very little about the people who post here. We've also tried to guide Adrian so as to help him learn, not tell him everything. We usually don't tell people things like "Grow up". Can't see how that helps. Oh, IMHO.
Wow, that was a little harsh.
Mar 27th, 11, 01:13 PM
Adrian, I told you about the edelbrock e-street heads for $1500.
The only thing cheaper is Chinese heads on Ebay (pro-comps).
Stock cast iron heads would be even cheaper; maybe a set of 290's with closed chambers will get your compression up and help the gas mileage.
The Brilliant Idiot
Mar 27th, 11, 03:29 PM
I know all about posters like adrian. First he wants somebody to teach him how to match heads to cam. Then wants to know what heads to go with. Of course it's going to be used mostly for the street but will see drag strip duty every weekend. Then he says he isn't going to buy heads as he is bucks down and just wanted to "learn". Then he miraculously comes up with $2500 for a set of heads, all in a two hour time span. Of course, he still wants somebody to tell him what heads out of the Summit catalog to get. Evidently that is the only source for parts he has heard of.
The whole thread he started was B.S. and people got played, me included. Then he trots out the "poor pitiful I just came here to learn why are you so mean to me" play. Sorry if I didn't say it as nice as some of the other posters did but telling somebody to grow up is not harsh in my book. You want to cater to those kind of posters, feel free. I will call B.S. when my B.S. detector goes off. I don't have any time for these clowns who think rodding comes in a can and can be absorbed without any effort on there part. If you do, more power to you. Later.
Mar 27th, 11, 04:30 PM
Enough of the comments. Adrian is asking for his own personal knowledge and figured he would get some good suggestions from the others here. Give him credit for asking.
Granted, Adrian needs to do research and investigate on his own, books are good for info, and so is the search engine for the biggest library in the world, the internet, and most every camshaft manufacturer has a formula for a suggestion to the applicable engine/vehicle. But, these suggestions don't equal the experience one gets with 'hands on' as others have done here.
Your info in your first post is awesome for a beginner and a few good suggestions in your later posts, as in buying a crate engine, buying a book, and the statement 'most any catalog head is better than a stock head'.
This forum is about helping others, not disrespecting them, even if the BS detector goes off.
I have no IMHO nor LOL at the end of my post.