Re: Rate of oil filtration???
Yes, There is a math and science to both the filter design, and the system design. The filters can be tested for pressure drop at various flow rates,dirt holding capacity at various flow, filtration efficiency based upon either single or multi pass testing and others.
Removing the bypass valve changes the system design, and may not be the best for your operating conditions. you need to evaluate your needs to design the system to match them. oil pump flow rates, bearing clearances, engine speed, oil pump relief valve, and filter relief valve and filter characteristics all impact the system design.
Horsepower is used to pump the oil. the higher the pressure and flow the more horsepower required.
also remember, the oil in the engine is pumped through the filter every minute or so. over a short time, it will be pretty clean.